Easter (a name derived from the word Ēostre-the goddess of spring and also called the Pasch or Pascha=Passover) is a Christian festival and holiday celebrating the resurrection of Jesus Christ on the third day after his crucifixion at Calvary as described in the New Testament.  Easter is the culmination of the Passion of Christ, preceded by Lent, a forty-day period of fasting, prayer, and penance. The last week of Lent is called Holy Week, and it contains the days of the Easter Triduum, including Maundy Thursday (also known as Holy Thursday), commemorating the Last Supper and its preceding foot washing, as well as Good Friday, commemorating the crucifixion and death of Jesus. Easter is followed by a fifty-day period called Eastertide or the Easter Season, ending with Pentecost Sunday.
Easter is a moveable feast, meaning it is not fixed in relation to the civil calendar. In 325 A.D., The First Council of Nicaea (the ecumenical council that created the Nicene Creed) established the date of Easter as the first Sunday after the full moon (the Paschal Full Moon) following the March equinox [ An equinox is the time or date (once in autumn and once in spring) at which the sun crosses the celestial equator, when day and night are of equal length]. Ecclesiastically, the equinox is considered to be on 21st March. The date of Easter therefore varies between 22 March and 25 April. Easter is linked to the Jewish Passover by much of its symbolism, as well as by its position in the calendar.
 The New Testament teaches that the resurrection of Jesus, which Easter celebrates, is a foundation of the Christian faith. The resurrection established Jesus as the powerful Son of God and is cited as proof that God will judge the world in righteousness. God has given Christians "a new birth into a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead". Christians, through faith in the working of God are spiritually resurrected with Jesus so that they may walk in a new way of life.

Posted on April 15, 2015 .